Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Clean Trucks
On July 3, 2023, Governor Lujan Grisham announced that the state would move to adopt Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Clean Trucks rules to further advance New Mexico’s goals of ensuring New Mexicans have access to zero-emission vehicles, like electric cars, qualified plug-in vehicles, and hydrogen trucks. Zero-emission vehicles fight climate change and improve local air quality. Unlike gasoline and diesel fuels, electric cars and hydrogen truck fueling stations will not pollute groundwater throughout our state.
Fossil fuel-powered transportation in New Mexico contributes to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in our state. After the extraction and production of oil and gas, fossil-fuel transportation represents the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions.
How the Rules Work
The Advanced Clean Car rules apply to the automakers, not consumers. The rules require automakers to deliver an increasing percentage of new zero-emission cars and light duty trucks for sale in New Mexico each year. The rules will culminate with the requirement that by 2032, 82% of all new vehicles delivered by the automakers to New Mexico are zero-emission vehicles (Table 1).
|Calendar Year||Model Year||Clean Car Rules||Clean Truck Rules|
|Class 2B-3||Class 4-8||Class 7-8|
Benefits of the Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Clean Trucks Programs
- Position New Mexico to be a leader in clean transportation: As vehicle manufacturers transition to increased production of zero-emission vehicles, the Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Cleans Trucks regulations will ensure those manufacturers of electric vehicles and hydrogen vehicles prioritize New Mexico above states that have not adopted such programs.
- Improve local air quality: The Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Cleans Trucks programs are projected to greatly reduce the harmful pollutants emitted from vehicles. They will reduce nitrogen oxides by thousands of tons and particulate matter by hundreds of tons – especially along transportation corridors – and decrease climate-changing carbon dioxide by millions of tons.
- Provide room for transition: The Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Clean Trucks programs will only apply to NEW vehicles delivered to New Mexico for sale by vehicle manufacturers. Gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles can still be driven in New Mexico, registered with the New Mexico Motor Vehicle Division, and sold as a used car to a new owner.
- Create flexibility options for compliance: The Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Clean Trucks programs provides vehicle manufacturers with flexibility—through credits, trading, and other features—to comply with sales requirements as the zero-emissions vehicle markets grow at different speeds. For more information, email email@example.com.
Rules, Fact Sheets, and Presentations
After a 4-day joint public hearing, multiple stakeholder meetings, and three public meetings, the New Mexico Environmental Improvement Board (EIB) and the Albuquerque-Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board (AQCB) voted to adopt advanced clean vehicle rules on November 16, 2023 (EIB 23-56 (R) – In the Matter of Proposed Amendments to 20.2.91 NMAC – New Motor Vehicle Emissions Standards (“20.2.91 NMAC”)), with a December 31, 2023 effective date.
Starting in calendar year 2026, 43% of all new passenger cars and light-duty trucks shipped to New Mexico auto dealerships by national auto manufacturers must be zero emission vehicles. Similarly, beginning in calendar year 2026, 15% of all new commercial heavy-duty trucks shipped to New Mexico auto dealerships by national auto manufacturers must be zero emission vehicles. These percentages gradually increase over time.
New Mexico has invested over $11.5 million in electric vehicle charging stations from State and federal funding sources and received an additional $38 million in U.S. Department of Transportation federal grants. Starting in January 2024, New Mexicans who purchase a qualifying new or used electric vehicle will enjoy immediate savings of up to $7,500 at the point of sale. This federal change eliminates the need to wait until tax return season to receive the federal tax credit. In October 2023, Governor Lujan Grisham committed to the adoption of additional state tax credits for zero-emission vehicles and infrastructure in the upcoming legislative session.
While federal funding has largely concentrated on electric vehicle chargers along heavily trafficked interstate corridors, the administration will request $55 million this legislative session to build out a state-wide network for charging stations to improve infrastructure in rural New Mexico.
The New Mexico Environment Department and the City of Albuquerque held three public meetings on the proposed rules, on September 19 and October 16, 2023 in person and October 4, 2023 online.
- Fact Sheet – Clean Vehicle Rules (Advanced Clean Cars II, Advanced Clean Trucks, Heavy-Duty Omnibus)
- Hoja Informativa: Las Normas de Autos Limpios Avanzados II, Camiones Limpios Avanzados, y Ómnibus de Servicio Pesado
- Clean Vehicle Proposed Rules from Notice of Intent – Clean Version (October 24, 2023)
- Clean Vehicle Proposed Rules from Notice of Intent – Redline Strikeout (October 24, 2023)
- Updated Clean Vehicle Proposed Rules (October 18, 2023)
- Presentation on Clean Cars and Trucks Rule (September 19, 2023)
- Presentation on Clean Cars and Trucks Rule (October 4, 2023)
- Presentation on Clean Cars and Trucks Rule (October 16,2023)
- Corrected version of Clean Vehicle Proposed Rules (September 11, 2023)
- Clean Vehicle Draft Rules (July 7, 2023)
- Clean Vehicle Draft Rules – Redline (July 7, 2023)
- Notice of public hearing – English
- Notice of public hearing – Spanish
- Submit a public comment on Advanced Clean Cars and Advanced Clean Trucks Rules
- Public Involvement Plan (PIP)
Clean Cars I (2022)
Last year, the Environmental Improvement Board adopted the New Mexico Clean Cars Rule, which requires automakers to provide increasing numbers of zero-emission cars and light trucks (such as vans, minivans and SUVs) for sale in New Mexico. A zero-emission vehicle, or “ZEV”, is a vehicle that does not emit exhaust gas or other pollutants from the onboard source of power, and can include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, battery electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles.
Following a two-day hearing and multiple public comment sessions, on May 5th, 2022, the Environmental Improvement Board (EIB) voted to adopt New Motor Vehicle Emission Standards as Part 91, Chapter 2, Title 20 of the New Mexico Administrative Code (NMAC), with a July 1, 2022, effective date. After the hybrid in-person and virtual joint hearing, the Albuquerque Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board (AQCB) followed suit and adopted the nearly identical Clean Car Rule specific to the AQCB’s jurisdiction, NMAC 20.11.104 New Motor Vehicle Emission Standards.
The Clean Car Rule sets low-emission and zero-emission standards for new cars and trucks offered for sale in New Mexico, improving the air we breathe, giving consumers more choices, saving New Mexicans money, and protecting our environment. In addition to providing links to the newly adopted Clean Car Rule, this page describes the key milestones and procedural documents that led to its adoption.
Pollution from transportation accounts for a large portion of New Mexico’s greenhouse gas emissions and contributes to the state’s growing ozone problem. Seven New Mexico counties are nearing problematic ground-level ozone levels, which cause respiratory illnesses and heart attacks, and disproportionately affect the state’s most vulnerable populations. New vehicle standards can significantly improve air quality, including ground-level ozone levels, especially along heavily traveled urban corridors where traditionally disadvantaged populations disproportionately live and work.
In addition to the information below, the New Mexico Environment Department and the City of Albuquerque Environmental Health Department prepared answers to Frequently Asked Questions (English FAQs) and Preguntas Frecuentes Sobre La Propuesta de Norma de Autos Limpios Para Nuevo Mexico (Spanish FAQs) on the Clean Car Rule.
Boards held joint hearing on the proposed Clean Car Rule
On May 4, and May 5, 2022, the EIB and the AQCB held a hybrid in-person and virtual joint hearing to consider the proposed Clean Car Rule, EIB 21-66 (R)- In the Matter of Proposed 20.2.91 NMAC – New Motor Vehicle Emissions Standards and AQCB Petition No. 2022-1: Petition to Repeal Existing Rule 20.11.104 NMAC, Emission Standards for New Motor Vehicles, and Adopt Proposed Replacement Rule 20.11.104 NMAC, New Motor Vehicle Emission Standards.
Individuals, businesses, organizations, and agencies provided comments during the joint hearing and submitted written comments to the EIB Board Administrator.
The Environmental Improvement Board and Albuquerque Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board approved petitions for a joint hearing on the proposed Clean Car Rule
On December 17, 2021, the Environmental Improvement Board proposed a joint hearing for the proposed New Motor Vehicle Emission Standards to begin Wednesday, May 4, 2022. The Albuquerque Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board concurred on February 9, 2022, in response to the City of Albuquerque’s petition. The proposed Clean Car Rule incorporates constructive feedback that NMED and the City of Albuquerque received during the informal comment period and will cover New Mexico statewide to meet the requirements of the federal Clean Air Act.
NMED received over 130 comments on the discussion draft Clean Cars Rule
The Department received and considered the comments submitted on the discussion draft Clean Car Standard Rule by auto dealers, automakers, the agriculture industry, community advocates, environmental groups, and over 120 individual New Mexicans. The majority of comments support the adoption of stricter tailpipe emission standards on new passenger cars and the requirement that automakers deliver a greater percentage of zero-emission passenger cars beginning in 2025.
NMED held the 3rd Clean Cars New Mexico public engagement meeting on November 3, 2021
During the third Clean Cars New Mexico public meeting on November 3, 2021, the NMED planning team presented the discussion draft Clean Cars Rules with their projected cost and emission benefits. View a copy of the presentation slides here. The public meeting recording can be accessed by clicking on the image below.
NMED held the 2nd Clean Cars New Mexico public engagement meeting on September 15, 2021
During the second Clean Cars New Mexico public meeting on September 15, 2021, the planning team described how the three parts of the proposed Clean Car Rule work together to reduce mobile source emissions from light and medium-duty vehicles and elaborated on the zero-emission vehicle requirements. View a copy of the presentation slides here. The public meeting recording can be accessed by clicking on the image below. Please note that we did not record the first few minutes of the meeting.
NMED held the Clean Cars New Mexico kickoff meeting on July 21, 2021
During the kickoff meeting on July 21, 2021, NMED and Albuquerque staff described how the proposed Clean Cars Rule works and presented the adoption timeline. View a copy of the presentation slides here. The public meeting recording can be accessed by clicking on the image below.
What is Clean Cars New Mexico all about?
Clean Cars New Mexico is about adopting stricter emission standards for new cars and trucks offered for sale in the state. The low-emission vehicle (LEV) standard requires car manufacturers to offer new passenger cars and trucks in New Mexico that produce fewer greenhouse gases and other harmful air pollutants than vehicles only subject to the federal standard. The zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) standard would require manufacturers to offer for sale a minimum number of new, low- and zero-tailpipe emission vehicles (battery-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles) as a percentage of all new vehicles for sale in the state. While the standards are identical to those set by California, New Mexico has some flexibility in determining early action credits, proportional credits, adoption timeline, reporting, compliance, and enforcement. California’s LEV/ZEV regulations have been adopted in at least 14 other states and Washington D.C, including recently in Nevada, Minnesota, Virginia, and Washington.
Why is NMED working with the City of Albuquerque?
The Environmental Improvement Board regulations govern air quality throughout the non-tribal areas of the state except within Bernalillo County, which is the domain of the Albuquerque-Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board. To assure that the rule applies to the jurisdictions of both the EIB and of the AQCB and meets the identicality requirements of Section 177, the City of Albuquerque and NMED are partnering on these rules to clean up car tailpipe emissions for the air that all New Mexican’s breathe.. Find out more at the City’s Clean Cars Rule website.
Why is the state advancing Clean Cars New Mexico now?
Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham’s Climate Change Executive Order announced our state’s intent to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 45% by 2030. The order includes the Clean Cars New Mexico initiative to adopt low- and zero-emissions performance standards for passenger cars and trucks. After helping businesses keep employees safe during the COVID-19 pandemic and drafting the ozone precursor rule, NMED is ready to clean up emissions from passenger vehicles. This initiative is just one part of a broad program to reduce pollution across the transportation, energy, agricultural, industrial, and commercial sectors of our economy, which are outlined in the 2020 New Mexico Climate Strategy.
To Learn More about Clean Cars New Mexico:
- Contact Claudia Borchert at 505-699-8489 or Claudia.Borchert@env.nm.gov